What is a Justice of the Peace?

The justice of the peace presides over the justice court in cases involving misdemeanors, small civil disputes, landlord/tenant disputes and more. They also conduct inquests and may perform marriage ceremonies.

A justice of the peace in Texas has the following duties:

  • Hears traffic and other Class C misdemeanor cases punishable by fine only
  • Hears civil cases with up to $10,000 in controversy
  • Hears landlord and tenant disputes/eviction cases
  • Performs magistrate duties
  • Conducts inquests

For more detailed information see County.org Guide-to-Laws-2018