The justice of the peace presides over the justice court in cases involving misdemeanors, small civil disputes, landlord/tenant disputes and more. They also conduct inquests and may perform marriage ceremonies.
A justice of the peace in Texas has the following duties:
- Hears traffic and other Class C misdemeanor cases punishable by fine only
- Hears civil cases with up to $10,000 in controversy
- Hears landlord and tenant disputes/eviction cases
- Performs magistrate duties
- Conducts inquests
For more detailed information see County.org Guide-to-Laws-2018